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Genu Valgum in Children

Genu Valgum in Children

Eshealthtips.com – The genu valgum in children is a common deformity, with symptoms typically appearing between the ages of three and six years. Usually, genu valgum corrects itself on its own within a few years of onset, but it can sometimes persist into adolescence. Occasionally, genu valgum is a complication of another condition, such as a genetic syndrome. While undergoing formal treatment is generally not required, various treatment options are available to alleviate the symptoms.

Bilateral Genu Valgum in Children

Most patients with knocked knees present to the clinic at the age of three to five years. Bilateral genu valgum in children is often physiologic or secondary to conditions such as skeletal dysplasia, metabolic bone diseases, and Morquio syndrome. The diagnosis of genu valgum in children can be made through physical examination and a thorough medical history. Patients should also be asked to describe any pain or discomfort in their affected area.

The most common treatment for genu valgum is temporary hemiepiphysiodesis using eight-Plates. This is a gentle procedure that is especially beneficial for young patients with high growth potential. This surgery may require bracing or special shoes. In younger patients, however, minor correction is usually sufficient. Optimal treatment for genu valgum in children is observation, with physiotherapy and exercise.

The most common age group for knocked knees is three to five years. Bilateral genu valgum in children is considered physiologic and is often a result of skeletal dysplasia, metabolic bone disease, or Morquio syndrome. On the other hand, unilateral genu valgum is caused by physeal trauma and is considered to be asymptomatic.

Physical Therapy and Exercise can Help Minimize the Effects

While the genu valgum can’t be prevented, physical therapy and exercise can help to minimize the effects. In children, symptoms can range from pain in the feet to ankle pain and unbalanced stance. Typically, genu valgum is benign and may be caused by an underlying condition. If it is genetic, it runs in the family. In some cases, it is an inherited condition.

During childhood, most patients with knocked knees present to the clinic at a young age. In children with bilateral genu valgum, the diagnosis is usually made by examining the patient’s knees. In both cases, the patient will have limp or other symptoms associated with a genu valgum, such as unbalanced walking or unbalanced gait.

The most common age group for knocked-knee patients is three to five years of age. Symptoms of the knocked-knee syndrome in children include a limp and difficulty walking. In addition, patients with genu valgum may experience occasional pain. If the symptoms persist, doctors may prescribe an appropriate treatment. The goal of treatment is to improve the patient’s quality of life and minimize the possibility of future injury.

Fundamental Conditions That Prevent Normal Development

When children are younger, they often present to the clinic with knocked knees. A knocked-knee syndrome is a benign growth variation that occurs when the knees remain too far apart. It is most often a symptom of a underlying condition that prevents normal development. If you suspect that a child has knocked-knee syndrome, the patient should be evaluated for this condition.

The treatment of genu valgum varies in children. While the condition is not curable, it may require surgical correction. While surgery is not always necessary, physical therapy can reduce pain and increase flexibility in the affected area. Most patients with this growth disorder will recover on their own with treatment. While amputation in children is not life-threatening, it is an indication for further evaluation. A genu valgum may be associated with other diseases, such as diabetes or bone disease.

An angular deformity of the knee is common in children. The condition can be pathological or physiological. In young children, a valgus may be present in one or both sides. Surgical correction depends on the cause and the severity of the deformity. When the valgus is normal, it is a benign growth variation. The genu valgum may appear unilateral or bilateral.


Ballal, M. S., C. E. Bruce, and S. Nayagam. “Correcting genu varum and genu valgum in children by guided growth: temporary hemiepiphysiodesis using tension band plates.” The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume 92.2 (2010): 273-276.

Jankowicz-Szymanska, Agnieszka, and Edyta Mikolajczyk. “Genu valgum and flat feet in children with healthy and excessive body weight.” Pediatric Physical Therapy 28.2 (2016): 200-206.


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